Located in the Gessi di Brisighella, the Parco del Carnè, is one of the most beautiful areas of the Vena del Gesso Romagnola. Established in 1971, by the Province of Ravenna and the Municipalities of Faenza and Brisighella, it covers about 43 hectares, 26 of which are public property and 17 are rented. The landscape is karstic and of great naturalistic interest, enlivened by a succession of grassy dolines alternated with thickets and crags. The “Catino di Pilato” dolines at the foot of Monte Rontana, the twin dolines in the Abisso Faenza and the small dolina known as “Dolina del Gufo” are worthy of mention. Among the tree species present are various maples, rowan, wild ciavardello, wild cherry, chestnut, elm and wild oaks and wild lime and ash. In spring, there are the splendid blooms of the protected species such as the dente di cane and the orchids, moreover, in the cooler and damper microenvironments the fern called ‘lingua cervina’ grows.
The variety of fauna is very diverse; in the park is home to oak mice, hedgehogs, moles, squirrels, dormice, foxes, roe deer, wild boars, beech and weasels, badgers and polecats, porcupines and bats (present in at least seven different species) that find in the caves a safe shelter for hibernation and daytime rest. The park is also rich in avifauna, including the rare sparrow-hawk, nesting here, the golden oriole, the white luì, the red-robin and the green woodpecker.
The hoopoe and the sea jay can also be found here. The sparrow-hawk and buzzard complete the list of birds.
Throughout the summer and up to autumn, the Parco Carnè hosts a series of interesting events suitable for an audience of all ages, from children to grandparents.
A few kilometers from the Park, along the road that leads to Riolo Terme, there is the entrance to the Tanaccia Cave, one of the most beautiful and well-known caves of the entire Vena del Gesso romagnola. Archaeological excavations carried out at the vast entrance, have brought to light numerous traces of prehistoric people: remains of pottery, weapons, ornaments, etc. More than a dwelling, it was perhaps used as a burial place or sacred rites from the Enolithic up to the late Bronze Age. The route of the cave is developed horizontally, for a length of about 500 meters. The first section is relatively simple, it runs almost entirely upright going up the course of a small stream and comes out in the sand room.
A subsequent narrow passage with walls magnificently carved by erosion leads to the second room called “del ferro di cavallo (the horseshoe).” Finally, a stretch to cover on all fours, in a streambed that widens considerably at this point, leads to the last visitable hall, called “del guano”, which owes its name to the enormous quantities of this deposit due to the presence of numerous colonies of bats, still habitual cave goers.